Rural communities in the Central California farmworker communities have been ride-sharing before it was sexy. Due to lack of resources they have never been able to scale up their services up until recently. The Green Raiteros, a program of The LEAP Institute, aims to do just that. Under the leadership of native Valley leader Rey León, who grew up in Huron, where the service of ‘raiteros’, a volunteer ride-share service, is particularly pronounced, is growing the model with the volunteer drivers and families. “it has been evolving organically and more like a cooperative. We hope we can bolster this model with those true shared community wealth ideals because we see transportation as a utility, not a luxury, but a necessary service that must exist to allow humans to have self determination to advance themselves with ability to maintain their relationships across landscapes to sustain social cohesion, to access opportunities such as education, workforce development, trainings, employment AND CERTAINLY, TO ACCESS QUALITY HEALTH CARE IN A TIMELY FASHION.” Stated Rey Leon, founder and CEO of the Valley-based Latino non-profit, The LEAP Institute as well as Mayor of his hometown, Huron, Ca.
SUSTAINABLE, INCLUSIVE, PROSPEROUS, AND RESILIENT CITIES DEPEND ON TRANSPORTATION THAT FACILITATES THE SAFE, EFFICIENT, AND POLLUTION-FREE FLOW OF PEOPLE AND GOODS, WHILE ALSO PROVIDING AFFORDABLE, HEALTHY, AND INTEGRATED MOBILITY FOR ALL PEOPLE.
The pace of technology-driven innovation from the private sector in shared transportation services, vehicles, and networks is rapid, accelerating, and filled with opportunity. At the same time, city streets are a finite and scarce resource.
These principles, produced by a working group of international NGOs, are designed to guide urban decision-makers and stakeholders toward the best outcomes for all.
1. WE PLAN OUR CITIES AND THEIR MOBILITY TOGETHER.
The way our cities are built determines mobility needs and how they can be met. Development, urban design and public spaces, building and zoning regulations, parking requirements, and other land use policies shall incentivize compact, accessible, livable, and sustainable cities.
2. WE PRIORITIZE PEOPLE OVER VEHICLES.
The mobility of people and not vehicles shall be in the center of transportation planning and decision-making. Cities shall prioritize walking, cycling, public transport and other efficient shared mobility, as well as their interconnectivity. Cities shall discourage the use of cars, single-passenger taxis, and other oversized vehicles transporting one person.
Shared vehicles include all those used for hire to transport people (mass transit, private shuttles, buses, taxis, auto-rickshaws, car and bike-sharing) and urban delivery vehicles.
3. WE SUPPORT THE SHARED AND EFFICIENT USE OF VEHICLES, LANES, CURBS, AND LAND.
Transportation and land use planning and policies should minimize the street and parking space used per person and maximize the use of each vehicle. We discourage overbuilding and oversized vehicles and infrastructure, as well as the oversupply of parking.
4. WE ENGAGE WITH STAKEHOLDERS.
Residents, workers, businesses, and other stakeholders may feel direct impacts on their lives, their investments and their economic livelihoods by the unfolding transition to shared, zero-emission, and ultimately autonomous vehicles. We commit to actively engage these groups in the decision-making process and support them as we move through this transition.
5. WE PROMOTE EQUITY.
Physical, digital, and financial access to shared transport services are valuable public goods and need thoughtful design to ensure use is possible and affordable by all ages, genders, incomes, and abilities.
6. WE LEAD THE TRANSITION TOWARDS A ZERO-EMISSION FUTURE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY.
Public transportation and shared-use fleets will accelerate the transition to zero-emission vehicles. Electric vehicles shall ultimately be powered by renewable energy to maximize climate and air quality benefits.
7. WE SUPPORT FAIR USER FEES ACROSS ALL MODES.
Every vehicle and mode should pay their fair share for road use, congestion, pollution, and use of curb space. The fair share shall take the operating, maintenance and social costs into account.
The future of mobility in cities is multimodal and integrated. When vehicles are used, they should be right-sized, shared, and zero emission.
8. WE AIM FOR PUBLIC BENEFITS VIA OPEN DATA.
The data infrastructure underpinning shared transport services must enable interoperability, competition and innovation, while ensuring privacy, security, and accountability.
9. WE WORK TOWARDS INTEGRATION AND SEAMLESS CONNECTIVITY.
All transportation services should be integrated and thoughtfully planned across operators, geographies, and complementary modes. Seamless trips should be facilitated via physical connections, interoperable payments, and combined information. Every opportunity should be taken to enhance connectivity of people and vehicles to wireless networks.
10. WE SUPPORT THAT AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES (AVS) IN DENSE URBAN AREAS SHOULD BE OPERATED ONLY IN SHARED FLEETS.
Due to the transformational potential of autonomous vehicle technology, it is critical that all AVs are part of shared fleets, well-regulated, and zero emission. Shared fleets can provide more affordable access to all, maximize public safety and emissions benefits, ensure that maintenance and software upgrades are managed by professionals, and actualize the promise of reductions in vehicles, parking, and congestion, in line with broader policy trends to reduce the use of personal cars in dense urban areas.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
April 10, 2017
New Funds Boost Clean Car Ridesharing in Central Valley
“Green Raiteros” Will Use EVs to Build on Grassroots Transportation Networks
Contact: Rey Leon, (559) 269-9563
HURON, CALIFORNIA – Recently announced funding will allow creation of a unique, pollution-free transportation service that builds on the informal ridesharing networks already used by local residents.
Administered by EVgo and Valley LEAP and funded by a portion of proceeds from a settlement between the California Public Utilities Commission and NRG, Green Raiteros will build on existing grassroots ridesharing networks run by raiteros, retired farmworkers. The project will operate in the corridor from Huron to Fresno and will improve mobility for low-income residents and demonstrate the feasibility of electric vehicle ridesharing in the Valley.
“Local farmworker communities long ago developed informal ridesharing networks to cope with the Valley’s long distances and the cost of operating a car,” said Valley LEAP executive director Rey León. “We can combine these networks with electric cars to improve reliability, affordability, and help clean our air. We think this pilot program will be the start of something much bigger that will provide a vital resource to our poor rural communities.”
Clean ridesharing in Central Valley communities like Huron is a necessity. The Valley is one of the poorest and most polluted regions in the country. Thirty-five percent of Huron residents carpool to work—double the 14.5 percent state average. The new funding will support the Green Raiteros pilot project with $519,400 over the duration of 15 months to develop a business model tailored to the needs of the Central Valley, build capacity among local communities, deploy charging infrastructure that enables EVs for ridesharing, and expand existing outreach, education, and training programs to help demystify EVs for residents who may be unfamiliar with them.
A kickoff date for the program will be announced shortly.
Friday, January 20, 2017 – 1:45am
“It’s clear you can’t just have more and more solar photovoltaic, PV solar… When you add supplies to the grid, and this is supply for everyone, you need to make sure the resource provides the best fit for the longer term goal… for the goal of cutting carbon dioxide emissions to the levels we want,” he said.
These new community choice groups have won growing support since 2013, spreading from liberal enclaves such as Marin County and San Francisco to more than a dozen markets, including San Jose, Los Angeles County and San Diego. Fed by a populist desire for both greener and cheaper energy, community choice is something of a “black swan” for the state’s energy policy with unknown future consequences.
“They are buying in mostly wind, geo-thermal and hydro rather than solar,” she said. She agreed, however, that there is no grid-wide standard for renewable facilities contracted by choice companies, and low cost solar PV may only get more attractive.
When Garcia was mentioned at the retreat, Rey Leon, an energetic young mayor from the state’s Central Valley, was polite but direct: “We want natural gas plant emissions to go down where these plants are located as much as the people do who live there.” Leon, who also founded a state-wide action group known as Latino Environment and Advancement Policy, had people’s attention: “I really need to take you to the ground where I live… You will not be able to read a book and understand it the same way.”
04 AGOSTO 2016
Por Martha Dina Arguello and Byron Gudiel
California se encuentra ante una encrucijada con nuestra estrategia para combatir el cambio climático. La Junta de Recursos del Aire de California (ARB, por sus siglas en inglés), está considerando opciones sobre cómo lograr sus objetivos climáticos para el 2030, en un momento en el que la industria petrolera quiere socavar cualquier intento serio por poner fin a nuestra dependencia en los combustibles fósiles. Mientras tanto, las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero siguen ensuciando nuestro aire, empeorando el cambio climático y asfixiándonos. Como tal, nuestra comunidad está exigiendo reducciones de contaminación y el lograr beneficios económicos para los que más los necesitan.
Reducir la contaminación en comunidades de color y de bajos ingresos es absolutamente fundamental si se espera que la legislación del cambio climático, AB 32, alcance su pleno potencial. Las familias de bajos ingresos sufren algunos de los niveles más concentrados de contaminación en sus comunidades. Según el informe “Estado del Aire” del 2016 de la American Lung Association, Los Ángeles y Bakersfield ocupan los lugares de mayor contaminación del aire en el país.
El plan de ámbito de la ley AB 32 que está desarrollando la Junta de Recursos del Aire es el vehículo mediante el cual la legislación del cambio climático de nuestro estado abordará las necesidades de nuestras comunidades. El plan dictará cómo cumpliremos con el mandato de la ley 10 años más allá del año 2020. Este plan solo se actualiza cada cinco años, así que es muy importante que se desarrolle correctamente.
El plan debe contar con la aportación de nuestras comunidades y debe dar prioridad a objetivos locales y regionales para reducciones de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y otros contaminantes. La ARB también debe mejorar la transparencia en cómo implementa su plan y evitar que los contaminadores adinerados evadan la ley. El establecimiento de metas concretas para la reducción de emisiones de instalaciones contaminadoras debe ser una principal consideración.
Estrategias adicionales en el plan para el beneficio directo de comunidades vulnerables deben incluir la adopción de objetivos fuertes para electrizar nuestro sector de transporte y acelerar el acceso a la energía limpia para comunidades de bajos ingresos. La ARB debe también considerar seriamente las maneras de reducir la contaminación en comunidades ubicadas cerca de instalaciones contaminadoras—incluyendo la tarificación de las emisiones de carbono.
También debemos aprovechar la oportunidad de expandir el crecimiento que está teniendo nuestro estado en los empleos de energía limpia. Un informe reciente del Centro Laboral de UC Berkeley evaluó las inversiones en la energía renovable del 2002 al 2015, revelando que el programa de California está generando empleos de calidad bien remunerados en zonas económicamente desfavorecidas del estado, incluyendo comunidades que son altamente latinas. Entre el 2002 y el 2015, se sostuvieron más de 32,000 empleos manuales (blue-collar) de construcción en la industria de la energía renovable.
Eso es testamento de lo mucho que podemos lograr si nos enfocamos a invertir en nuestras comunidades. Con este proceso de planificación, la ARB puede seguir impulsando a nuestra economía hacia una transición para alejarnos de los combustibles fósiles y generar la prosperidad y los “empleos verdes” para todos los californianos—especialmente en las comunidades de color de bajos ingresos.
Necesitamos examinar y estar dispuestos a adoptar estrategias innovadoras que impulsen a nuestro estado, especialmente a comunidades impactadas, hacia una economía limpia moderna y más justa, y que nos proporcione los recursos necesarios para hacer frente a los impactos del cambio climático.
Como californianos, nos encontramos en un momento clave para nuestras políticas de aire limpio y cambio climático. La Junta de Recursos del Aire puede continuar nuestro avance contra al cambio climático. Lo podemos lograr mediante la adopción de un plan que incluya beneficios económicos, fuertes medidas para reducir emisiones contaminantes en nuestras comunidades, y responsabilizando a entidades contaminantes para que limpien el aire que respiran nuestras familias.
Martha Dina Arguello es Directora Ejecutiva de Médicos por la Responsabilidad Social, Los Ángeles, (PSR, por sus siglas en inglés), y Byron Gudiel es Director Ejecutivo de Comunidades para un Medio Ambiente Mejor (CBE, por sus siglas en inglés).
Clear the Way for local pollution reductions in California’s climate plan
August 4, 2016
By Martha Dina Arguello and Byron Gudiel
California is at a crossroads with our landmark climate law. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) is considering options on how to reach its 2030 climate targets at a time when the oil industry is determined to gut any serious attempt to end our reliance on fossil fuels. Meanwhile, greenhouse gas emissions continue to dirty our air, worsen climate change, and choke our lungs. As such, local communities are raising their voices to demand real reductions in air pollution to clean up our air and bring economic benefits to those who need them most.
Reducing pollution in low-income neighborhoods and communities of color is absolutely critical if our state’s climate change law, AB 32, is to reach its full potential. Low-income families suffer some of the most concentrated levels of pollution in their neighborhoods. According to the American Lung Association’s 2016 “State of the Air” Report, Los Angeles and Bakersfield top the list of worst air pollution in the nation.
The AB 32 scoping plan that the Air Resources Board is drafting is the vehicle through which our state’s climate change law will meet the realities of our neighborhoods. Consider it the blueprint for how we will fulfill the mandate of the law 10 years beyond its initial 2020 targets. The scoping plan is only updated every five years, so it’s critical we get it right.
The plan should be informed by grassroots input and it should prioritize bold local and regional targets for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants. ARB should also enhance transparency in implementation and eliminate loopholes for large polluters. Setting direct emission reduction goals for major polluting facilities should be a key consideration.
Additional strategies in the scoping plan to directly benefit vulnerable communities should include adopting aggressive targets to electrify our transportation sector and accelerate clean energy access for low-income communities. ARB should also take a hard look at ways to reduce pollution in communities located near polluting facilities—including carbon pricing.
We also need to seize on the opportunity to expand the growth our state is seeing on clean energy jobs. A recent UC Berkeley Labor Center report assessed renewable energy investments from 2002 to 2015, revealing that California’s renewable energy program is creating quality, well-paying jobs in economically distressed parts of California, including heavily Latino communities. Between 2002 and 2015, over 32,000 blue-collar construction jobs were supported in the renewable energy industry.
That’s a testament to how much we can accomplish if we focus on investing where our communities need it the most. With this scoping process, ARB can continue to move our economy forward to transition away from fossil fuels and bring prosperity and green-collar jobs to all Californians, especially low-income communities of color.
We need to examine and be willing to adopt innovative strategies that catapult our state, especially impacted communities, into a modern and more just clean economy, and provide us with the resources needed to cope with the impacts of climate change.
As Californians, we are at a critical juncture with our climate change and clean air policies. The California Air Resource Board can keep our state on the right path by adopting a blueprint for addressing climate change that includes economic benefits, strong measures to reduce polluting emissions in our communities, and by holding polluters accountable to clean up the air our families breathe.
Martha Dina Arguello is the Executive Director of Physicians for Social Responsibility Los Angeles and Byron Gudiel is the Executive Director of Communities for A Better Environment.